- Angkor Wat of Cambodia – Probably one of the most important tourist landmarks in Cambodia, Angkor Wat was hailed as the largest single religious building in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This Hindu temple was built in early 1100s out of sandstone by order of Khmer King Suryavarman II. It comprises a gigantic complex of many temple structures which spans in more than 200 acres of land. The temple was never finished because of the death of the king yet; the classical style of its architecture speaks for its history and has been well preserved ever since. Angkor Wat literally means “City of Temples” and was dedicated to the Hindu deity Vishnu.
- The Great Wall of China – Originally, the Great Wall was created as a fortress to defend the Chinese Empire from the Mongolian Manchu enemies. It was built in the 7th Century BC , and for 2,000 years, it was rebuilt, modified and extended throughout the history until the Ming Dynasty. It is renowned as the biggest ancient architecture and world’s longest wall ever built in history. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and part of the New7Wonders of the World.
- Himalayas of India – Himalayas literally means “the abode of snow”. This scenic mountain range is home to the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, and hundred more mountains. It stretches across Bhutan, Tibet, India, and Nepal spanning 2500 km in a curve. The Himalayas is popular for its rich vegetation, snowcapped peaks, deep river gorges, and great height. It is the ultimate dream of every mountaineer to reach this place for the ultimate challenge of their endurance and stamina.
- Petra of Jordan – In Greek, Petra means “stones”. The Petra of Jordan is a unique city which was carved in the sandstone cliffs by Nabataeans around 2000 years ago. Often regarded as a rose-red city, it has outstanding architecture of elaborate carvings and overwhelming natural beauty of the land. Archaeologists and researchers believe that 80% of the original carvings were already lost in time; however, 800 carved tombs are still present in Petra today. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and is presently part of the New7Wonders of the World.
- Charyn Canyon of Kazakhstan – One of the finest spots in Kazakhstan is Charyn Canyon, an 80 km canyon with bizarre rock monument formations. Hikers and mountain climbers usually visit this place to have adventures. Some people often regard this place as the younger brother of the Grand Canyon of USA.
- Taj Mahal of India - This world renowned monument and part of the Seven Wonders of the World is the symbol of love and India itself. It was built as the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal, the third wife of the Moghul Emperor Shah Jahan, who died after giving birth to their 14th child. It took approximately 22 years and 22,000 people to build this mausoleum. It was finally completed in 1653. Taj Mahal is 171 meters in height (561 feet) and is made of white marble. The “crown of palaces” draws over a million visitors every year who visits there to enjoy the grandeur of the place and to give their prayers.
- Puerto Princesa Underground River of Philippines – Featuring stunning stalagmites, stalactites and large chambers, the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River encompasses a distinctive wildlife, and complete mountain to sea ecosystem with over 800 different plant species. The underground river travels through the cave and into the South China Sea and is considered as the longest underground river in Asia and the second longest underground river in the world. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a Heritage Site in 1999 and is part of the New7Wonders of Nature.
- Batu Caves of Malaysia – The caves of Batu Caves are one of the most popular Hindu shrines outside India which is dedicated to the Lord Murugan, the Hindu God of war and victory. A 140 ft statue of the Hindu God is also found in the area which boasts a 250 tons steel bar, 300 liters of gold paint, and 1550 cubic meters of concrete. It is the center point of the Hindu festival of Thaipusam. Meanwhile, an impressive dome shaped ceiling can be found inside the cave. The area is also undergoing rock climbing development.
- Grand Palace of Thailand – The Grand Palace is originally the official residence of the Kings of Siam (Thailand). It houses the finest artifacts of Buddhist sculpture, paintings, architectures and decorative crafts of Thailand. The Emerald Buddha (Phra Kaew) is housed inside the most sacred temple of Buddha in Thailand, The Temple of the Emerald Buddha (Wat Phra Kaew), which can be found in the vicinity of the palace. The costume of this statue is replaced every season to bring good fortune and good season to the country.
- Ha Long Bay of Vietnam – Located in the Quang Ninh province of Vietnam is the awe-inspiring Ha-Long Bay. It features thousands of isles which are formed of schists and limestone karsts and with over 450 different mollusks and 200 fish species. The name itself means “Bay of Descending Dragons” and according to myths, dragons that were sent by gods dropped jade and jewels from their mouth to form the islands. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 and is part of the New7Wonders of Nature.
28 April 2013
10 of the Most Beautiful Landmarks in Asia
Being the largest continent in the world, Asia is home to diverse culture and tradition of different ethnic groups and birth place to ideas and technologies such as the gunpowder and wheel. This continent gifted with the natural beauty of the land, and historical landmarks, is also one of the top destinations to tourists from around the globe. Some of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Seven Wonders of the World reside is this continent. To name a few, here are the ten of the most beautiful landmarks in Asia.
This article was contributed by Shakti Himalaya; leading travel professionals specialising in travel in India.